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Inverse four-domain twisted nematic liquid crystal display fabricated by the enhancement of azimuthal anchoring energy
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10.1063/1.3559262
/content/aip/journal/jap/109/8/10.1063/1.3559262
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jap/109/8/10.1063/1.3559262

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Schematic diagrams of the IFDTN mode using LCs with a negative dielectric anisotropy (a) before and after the application of an electric field with (b) stacked alignment layer and (c) vertical alignment layer alone.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Schematic diagrams of the (a), (b) stacked alignment layer system, (c) reverse rubbing process, and (d) top view of the sample.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Numerical calculations of the (a) polar angle and (b) azimuthal angle according to various azimuthal anchoring energies.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

(a) Measured azimuthal anchoring energies and textures of the samples under a polarizing microscope according to the thickness of the vertical alignment layer on the planar alignment layer, Textures of (b), (c), (d), (e) IFDTN samples with various stacked layers, (f), (g), (h) IFD samples with a single layer, and (i) the twisting direction of the IFDTN sample.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

(a) Measured voltage-transmittances and (b) viewing angle characteristics of the IFDTN sample. The white line inside the figure indicates a 50:1 contrast ratio.

Tables

Generic image for table
Table I.

The material parameters of the LCs used in numerical calculation.

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/content/aip/journal/jap/109/8/10.1063/1.3559262
2011-04-19
2014-04-19
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Inverse four-domain twisted nematic liquid crystal display fabricated by the enhancement of azimuthal anchoring energy
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jap/109/8/10.1063/1.3559262
10.1063/1.3559262
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