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Volume 110, Issue 10, 15 November 2011
Pyroelectric properties of rhombohedral and tetragonal Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)-Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)-PbTiO3 crystals110(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3662951View Description Hide Description
Pyroelectric properties of rhombohedral and tetragonal single crystals Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)-Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)-PbTiO3 (PIN-PMN-PT) were investigated, with temperature from −100 °C to 100 °C. At room temperature, the pyroelectric coefficient p and the figure of merit F d of rhombohedral crystals are 7.81 × 10−4 C/m2 K and 10.9 × 10−5 Pa−1/2, respectively, and 6.84 × 10−4 C/m2 K and 11.67 × 10−5 Pa−1/2, respectively, for tetragonal crystals. Although the coefficient p and F d at room temperature are similar for rhombohedral and tetragonal crystals, the F d of tetragonal crystal is much more stable with respect to temperature, owing to its higher phase transition temperature and stable mono-domain state. From room temperature to 100 °C, the F d of rhombohedral crystal decreases from 10.74 × 10−5 Pa−1/2 to 5.3 × 10−5 Pa−1/2, while that of tetragonal crystals is nearly independent of temperature. Such investigation reveals that tetragonal PIN-PMN-PT crystal is more suitable for uncooled infrared detectors and imagers when compared with its rhombohedral counterpart.