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Large bandgaps of two-dimensional phononic crystals with cross-like holes
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In this paper we study the bandgap properties of two-dimensional phononic crystals with cross-like holes using the finite element method. The influence of the geometry parameters of the holes on the bandgaps is discussed. In contrast to a system of square holes, which does not exhibits bandgaps if the symmetry of the holes is the same as that of the lattice, systems of cross-like holes show large bandgaps at lower frequencies. The bandgaps are significantly dependent upon the geometry (including the size, shape, and rotation) of the cross-like holes. The vibration modes of the bandgap edges are computed and analyzed in order to clarify the mechanism of the generation of the lowest bandgap. It is found that the generation of the lowest bangdap is a result of the local resonance of the periodically arranged lumps connected with narrow connectors. Spring-mass models are developed in order to predict the frequencies of the lower bandgap edges. The study in this paper is relevant to the optimal design of the bandgaps in light porous materials.
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