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Dielectric relaxation and alternating current conductivity of polyvinylidene fluoride doped with lanthanum chloride
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10.1063/1.3669396
/content/aip/journal/jap/110/11/10.1063/1.3669396
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jap/110/11/10.1063/1.3669396

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

XRD patterns for pure and LaCl3-doped PVDF: (a) pure PVDF, (b) 3 wt. % LaCl3, (c) 5 wt. % LaCl3, (d) 7 wt. % LaCl3, and (e) 10 wt. % LaCl3.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

(Color online) The frequency dependence of ɛ′: (a) pure PVDF, (b) 3 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF, (c) 5 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF, and (d) 10 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

(Color online) The frequency dependence of ɛ″: (a) pure PVDF, (b) 3 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF, (c) 5 wt. % LaCl3- doped PVDF, and (d) 10 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

(Color online) The temperature dependence of ɛ′: (a) pure PVDF, (b) 3 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF, (c) 5 wt. % LaCl3- doped PVDF, and (d) 10 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

(Color online) The temperature dependence of ɛ″: (a) pure PVDF, (b) 3 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF, (c) 5 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF, and (d) 10 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

(Color online). The variation of ln(f ma x ) versus 1000/T for pure and LaCl3-doped PVDF samples.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

(Color online) The frequency dependence of σac : (a) pure PVDF, (b) 3 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF, (c) 5 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF, and (d) 10 wt. % LaCl3-doped PVDF. The solid red lines are the fitting according to Eq. (4).

Tables

Generic image for table
Table I.

The activation energies (in eV) of α a-relaxation process for pure and LaCl3-doped PVDF samples.

Generic image for table
Table II.

The values of the exponent, s, for pure and LaCl3-doped PVDF samples at different temperatures according to the fitting of Eq. (4).

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/content/aip/journal/jap/110/11/10.1063/1.3669396
2011-12-12
2014-04-19
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Dielectric relaxation and alternating current conductivity of polyvinylidene fluoride doped with lanthanum chloride
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jap/110/11/10.1063/1.3669396
10.1063/1.3669396
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