(a) The two-phase representation of the TEM image of BHJ-morphology, taken from Ref. 13. (b) Distribution of useful regions. (c) Distribution of tortuosity of hole paths and electron paths. Morphology characterization: (d) distance distribution of D-material to the interface, visualized as a cumulative histogram, and (e) distance distribution of paths from interface to electrodes.
Characterization of the two-phase representation of the 3D BHJ-morphology for three evaporation rates: , (a) BHJ-morphology, (b) histogram of distances from D-material to the interface and extracted values of D-material fraction with distance to the interface shorter than .
List of morphology descriptors with their physical background.
Detailed characterization of TEM image for two configurations: traditional and inverted, with respect to all subprocesses of photovoltaic process.
Detailed characterization of 3D BHJ morphology with respect to all subprocesses of photovoltaic phenomena ().
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