Energy gap of GNM lattices as a function of the super-cell lattice constant for different hole shapes. (a) is for zigzag holes while (b) is for armchair holes. The super-cells of considered GNM lattices, where white circles indicate the removed carbon atoms, are presented in the bottom of two sub-figures.
(a) Conductance in the unit of as a function of Fermi energy for different disorder strengths. The plot is for the lattices of zigzag holes with the hole shape (1) as shown in Fig. 1(a) and Q = 13 corresponding to the metallic GNMs. (b) Energy gap of the GNM lattices as a function of the super-cell lattice constant with disorder effects. The plot is for the lattices of both zigzag and armchair holes with the hole shape (1) as shown in Figs. 1(a) and 1(b) , respectively.
(a) Schematic of single potential barrier structures studied in this work. A finite GNM section is inserted in the device center. (b) and (c) show the current density at as a function of the barrier height with the barrier length and . In (b), the results are plotted for Q = 15 ( , semiconducting GNM), for different and disorder strengths. (c) is for Q = 14 ( , metallic GNM), and for different disorder strengths. In (b), the case of full pristine graphene structure is shown for comparison.
(a) I-V characteristics of the single barrier structure with a finite perfect GNM section ( ) and for different barrier heights. (b) shows the effects of different and disorder strengths for the case of studied in (a). Other device parameters are and Q = 15.
(a), (b), (d), and (e) Local density of states and (c) and (f) current spectrum of the device studied in Fig. 4(a) at two different biases: and 0.4 V. The barrier heights are for (a)–(c) and 0.6 eV for (d)–(f). The solid line in (a), (b), (d), and (e) indicates the potential profile.
(a) Schematic of simulated graphene p–n junctions with finite GNM sections inserted in the two doped contacts. (b) shows the obtained I–V characteristics with the effects of different and disorder strengths. The zigzag holes with Q = 15 are used while and .
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