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/content/aip/journal/jap/114/11/10.1063/1.4821960
2013-09-20
2016-12-04

Abstract

CuBO delafossite was prepared by solid state reaction and calcined/sintered at 1005 °C. The optical properties of this p-type transparent conducting oxide were investigated. Its crystal structure, morphology, composition, oxygen decomposition, and optical and electronic properties were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared (UV-VIS-NIR) and fluorescence spectroscopies, Seebeck coefficient, and electrical conductivity measurements. CuBO delafossite possesses a hexagonal space group . TGA indicated a weight loss of 10%, which was attributed to excess oxygen. The positive Seebeck coefficient confirmed p-type behavior. Emission at 355 nm indicated a direct band type transition, and the UV-VIS-NIR spectrum indicated an optical direct gap of 3.6 eV. Activation energies for carrier production and electrical conduction were 0.147 and 0.58 eV, respectively, indicating the thermal activation of carriers. CuBO delafossite is a p-type transparent conducting oxide with a wide band gap and may have potential in industrial p-type electrodes.

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