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/content/aip/journal/jap/117/15/10.1063/1.4918665
2015-04-21
2016-12-08

Abstract

By measuring the characteristics of YN@[C]6− anionic solid at various temperatures and electric field strengths, four conducting phases with , with low resistance, and with high resistance were observed. First, at temperatures below 100 K and field strengths below 30 , the current passing through the sample was a linear function of the d.c. bias voltage due to free moving charges. Second, at the same field strengths, the trapped carrier was thermally activated with activation energies of 13.6 meV for temperature range of K and 88.7 meV for K. In this conducting phase, the carrier transport was governed by space charge limited conduction mechanism. Third, when the electric field increased from 30 to 120 , the became a quartic function of the because the carrier mobility is a quadratic function of the field strength. A conducting phase with high resistance was observed at temperatures below 100 K. The trapped carrier was thermally activated with activation energies of 146.5 meV for temperature range of  K and 288.5 meV for  K. Finally, in the electric field strengths of , a high resistance phase appeared in the anionic solid at temperatures below 100 K. The current was a quadratic function of the d.c. bias voltage, and the carrier mobility was independent of the field strength.

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