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Calculation of the Maximum Efficiency of the Thermionic Converter
1.V. C. Wilson, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 475 (1959).
2.J. M. Houston, J. Appl. Phys. 30, 488 (1959).
3.J. Kaye and J. A. Welsh, Direct Conversion of Heat to Electricity (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1960).
4.E. Wigner, Phys. Rev. 49, 696 (1936). This work discusses possible reasons why experimentally determined A values may vary from the theoretical value.
5.A. R. Hutson, Phys. Rev. 98, 889 (1955).
6.H. Shelton, Phys. Rev. 107, 1553 (1957).
7.It is assumed that the cathode requires no physical support other than its electrical connection.
8.For radiation between infinite, plane‐parallel electrodes, the effective emissivity is given by , where and are the emissivities of the cathode and anode, respectively.
9.N. S. Rasor, J. Appl. Phys. 31, 163 (1960).
10.American Institute of Physics Handbook, edited by Dwight E. Gray (McGraw‐Hill Book Company, Inc., New York, 1957), Sec. 6.
11.The gaseous heat conduction loss may be taken into account simply by replacing by in the foregoing analysis. This would in no way alter the analysis; it would merely result in: (a) different values for the optimum current for given values of and and (b) slightly lower maximum efficiencies.
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