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Physical mechanisms of dc switching in a liquid‐crystal bistable boundary layer display
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20.The elastic torque per unit area is exerted across a plane normal to the z axis, by the molecules below the plane on those above, while those above exert the equal and opposite torque on those below. The surface torques exerted across the faces of a layer of thickness dz lead to a net elastic torque per unit volume
21.R. N. Thurston, J. Appl. Phys. 55, 4154 (1984).
22.Equations (29) provide an interpretation of these characteristic times and which are intrinsic material properties, independent of the geometry. They are the times for the charge density to drop by a factor of 2 due to the one‐dimensional expansion of a charge cloud in a region depleted of the counter charge.
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