Volume 91, Issue 10, 15 May 2002
Index of content:
- SPIN POLARIZATION IN HALF-METALS
91(2002); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1452238View Description Hide Description
Half-metals are defined by an electronic structure, which shows conduction by charge carriers of one spin direction exclusively. Consequently, the spin polarization of the conduction electrons should be 100%. In reality this complete spin polarization is not always observed. Since the experimental search for half-metals is tedious and the verification of the expected spin polarization is involved, electronic structure calculations have played an important role in this area. So, an important question is, how the approximations in such calculations influence the resulting spin polarization of the conduction. Another aspect is the well-known fact that bulk properties can be very different from surface and interface properties. Indeed, measurements of the spin polarization in the bulk for, e.g., NiMnSb, show results different from surface sensitive measurements. In this respect it is important to realize that the origin of half-metallic behavior is not unique. Consequently, the deviations from the bulk behavior at the surface/interface can be important. Three different categories of half-metals can be distinguished and their expected surface properties will be discussed. Finally, ways will be described to control the properties at interfaces.
91(2002); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1447879View Description Hide Description
A broad classification scheme is proposed for half-metallic ferromagnets which embraces the possibilities of itinerant and localized electrons, as well as semimetallic and semiconducting electronic structure. Examples of each type are given. The problems of defining and measuring spin polarization are discussed and some characteristics of half-metals are reviewed with reference to chromium dioxide.