Skip to main content
banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
/content/aip/journal/jap/93/7/10.1063/1.1534621
1.
1.C. W. Tang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 183 (1986).
2.
2.G. Yu, J. Gao, J. Hummelen, F. Wudl, and A. J. Heeger, Science 270, 1789 (1995).
3.
3.J. J. M. Halls, C. A. Walsh, N. C. Greenham, E. A. Marseglia, R. H. Friend, S. C. Moratti, and A. B. Holmes, Nature (London) 376, 498 (1995).
4.
4.P. Peumans, V. Bulovic, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2650 (2000).
5.
5.S. E. Shaheen, C. J. Brabec, N. S. Sariciftci, F. Padinger, T. Fromherz, and J. C. Hummelen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 841 (2001).
6.
6.P. Peumans and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 126 (2001).
7.
7.J. M. Kroon, M. M. Wienk, W. J. H. Verhees, and J. C. Hummelen, Thin Solid Films 403–404, 223 (2002).
8.
8.K. Bücher and S. Kunzelmann, Proceedings of the 26th Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, 1997, p. 1193.
9.
9.M. Pope, Electronic Processes in Organic Crystals (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1982).
10.
10.E. A. Silinsh, Organic Molecular Crystals: Interaction, Localization, and Transport Phenomena (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1994).
11.
11.I. G. Hill, A. Kahn, G. Soos, and R. A. Pascal, Chem. Phys. Lett. 217, 181 (2000).
12.
12.M. Knupfer, H. Peisert, and T. Schwieger, Phys. Rev. B 65, 033204 (2002).
13.
13.S. F. Alvarado, P. F. Seidler, D. G. Lidzey, and D. D. C. Bradley, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1082 (1998).
14.
14.M. Knupfer, J. Fink, E. Zojer, G. Leising, U. Scherf, and K. Müllen, Phys. Rev. B 57, R4202 (1998).
15.
15.S. Barth and H. Bässler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 4445 (1997).
16.
16.R. Kersting, U. Lemmer, M. Deussen, H. J. Bakker, R. F. Mahrt, H. Kurz, V. I. Arkhipov, H. Bässler, and E. O. Göbel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1440 (1994).
17.
17.M. J. Rice and Y. N. Gartstein, Phys. Rev. B 53, 10764 (1996).
18.
18.J. J. M. Halls, J. Cornil, D. A. dos Santos, R. Sibley, D. H. Wang, A. B. Holmes, J. L. Bredas, and R. H. Friend, Phys. Rev. B 60, 5721 (1999).
19.
19.P. A. van Hal, R. A. J. Janssen, G. Lanzani, G. Cerullo, M. Zavelani-Rossi, and S. D. Silvestri, Chem. Phys. Lett. 345, 33 (2001).
20.
20.B. C. Zerza, G. Cerullo, S. D. Silvestri, and N. S. Sariciftci, Synth. Met. 119, 637 (2001).
21.
21.T. Tsuzuki, Y. Shirota, J. Rostalski, and D. Meissner, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 61, 1 (2000).
22.
22.A. Dhanabalan, J. Knol, J. C. Hummelen, and R. A. J. Janssen, Synth. Met. 119, 519 (2001).
23.
23.G. Yu, Y. Cao, J. Wang, J. McElvain, and A. J. Heeger, Synth. Met. 102, 904 (1999).
24.
24.S. R. Forrest, Chem. Rev. 97, 1793 (1997).
25.
25.M. Hiramoto, H. Fukusumi, and M. Yokoyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2580 (1992).
26.
26.L. A. A. Pettersson, L. S. Roman, and O. Inganas, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 487 (1999).
27.
27.P. Peumans, V. Bulovic, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 3855 (2000).
28.
28.L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Crystals (Wiley, New York, 1995).
29.
29.O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Dover, New York, 1965).
30.
30.V. Bulovic and S. R. Forrest, Chem. Phys. 210, 13 (1996).
31.
31.J. J. M. Halls, K. Pichler, R. H. Friend, S. C. Moratti, and A. B. Holmes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3120 (1996).
32.
32.Matlab (The Mathworks Inc.), 3 Apple Hill Drive, Natick, MA 01760.
33.
33.WVASE 32 (J. A. Woollam Company), 645 M Street, Suite 102, Lincoln, NE 68508.
34.
34.S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices (Wiley, NewYork, 1981).
35.
35.P. E. Burrows, Z. Shen, V. Bulovic, D. M. McCarty, S. R. Forrest, J. A. Cronin, and M. E. Thompson, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7991 (1996).
36.
36.Oriel Corp., 150 Long Beach Blvd., Stratford, CT 06615.
37.
37.I. G. Hill, J. Schwartz, and A. Kahn, Org. Electronics 1, 5 (2000).
38.
38.S. E. Burns, N. Pfeffer, J. Guner, M. Remmers, T. Javoreck, D. Neher, and R. H. Friend, Adv. Mater. 9, 395 (1997).
39.
39.D. F. O’Brien, M. A. Baldo, M. E. Thompson, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 442 (1999).
40.
40.V. Bulovic, P. Tian, M. R. Gokhale, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2954 (1997).
41.
41.G. Parthasarathy, C. Adachi, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2128 (2000).
42.
42.R. Winston, Sol. Energy 17, 255 (1974).
43.
43.S. Moller and S. R. Forrest, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 3324 (2002).
44.
44.J. W. Arbogast, A. P. Darmanyan, C. S. Foote, Y. Rubin, F. N. Diederich, M. M. A. Varez, S. J. Anz, and R. L. Whetten, J. Phys. Chem. 95, 11 (1991).
45.
45.S. S. Harilal, C. V. Bindhu, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 1388 (1996).
46.
46.V. Capozzi, G. Casamassima, G. F. Lorusso, A. Minafra, R. Piccolo, T. Trovato, and A. Valentini, Solid State Commun. 98, 853 (1996).
47.
47.Y. Hirose, A. Kahn, V. Aristov, P. Soukiassian, V. Bulovic, and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B 54, 13748 (1996).
48.
48.A. Rose, Concepts in Photoconductivity and Allied Problems (Interscience, New York, 1963).
49.
49.Z. Y. Xie, T. C. Wong, L. S. Hung, and S. T. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1477 (2002).
50.
50.M. Hiramoto, M. Suezaki, and M. Yokoyama, Chem. Lett. 3, 327 (1990).
51.
51.A. Yakimov and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1667 (2001).
52.
52.C. Arbour et al., Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 182, 307 (1990).
53.
53.G. Parthasarathy, P. E. Burrows, V. Khalfin, V. G. Kozlov, and S. R. Forrest, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2138 (1998).
54.
54.G. Gu, G. Parthasarathy, P. E. Burrows, P. Tian, I. G. Hill, A. Kahn, and S. R. Forrest, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4067 (1999).
55.
55.G. Gu, G. Parthasarathy, P. Tian, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4076 (1999).
56.
56.H. Ishii, K. Sugiyama, D. Yoshimura, E. Ito, Y. Ouchi, and K. Seki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 24 (1998).
57.
57.I. G. Hill, A. Rajagopal, A. Kahn, and Y. Hu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 662 (1998).
58.
58.M. A. Baldo and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. B 64, 085201 (2001).
59.
59.U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, Berlin, 1995).
60.
60.S. Gresillon et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4520 (1999).
61.
61.Z. D. Popovic, M. I. Khan, S. J. Atherton, A.-M. Hor, and J. L. Goodman, J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 657 (1998).
62.
62.D. M. Pai and R. C. Enck, Phys. Rev. B 11, 5163 (1975).
63.
63.J. R. Yeargan and H. L. Taylor, J. Appl. Phys. 39, 5600 (1968).
64.
64.J. G. Simmons, Phys. Rev. 155, 657 (1967).
65.
65.J. Frenkel, Phys. Rev. 54, 647 (1938).
66.
66.J. Simon and J.-J. Andre, Molecular Semiconductors (Springer, Berlin, 1985).
67.
67.A. Sussman, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2738 (1967).
68.
68.A. Sussman, J. Appl. Phys. 38, 2748 (1967).
69.
69.D. F. Barbe and C. R. Westgate, J. Chem. Phys. 52, 4046 (1970).
70.
70.F. So and S. R. Forrest, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 2649 (1997).
71.
71.W. Stampor, J. Kalinowski, P. D. Marco, and V. Fattori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1935 (1997).
72.
72.M. Deussen, M. Scheidler, and H. Bässler, Synth. Met. 73, 123 (1995).
73.
73.M. C. J. M. Vissenberg and M. J. M. de Jong, Phys. Rev. B 57, 2667 (1998).
74.
74.T. Aernouts, W. Geens, J. Poortmans, P. Heremans, S. Borghs, and R. Mertens, Thin Solid Films 403–404, 297 (2002).
75.
75.T. K. Woodward and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 146 (1999).
76.
76.R. Gaede, F. L. Li, D. Hyde, and D. S. Shen, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 266, 1208 (2000).
77.
77.J.-P. Moy, Thin Solid Films 337, 213 (1999).
78.
78.M. Shtein, H. F. Gossenberger, J. B. Benziger, and S. R. Forrest, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 1470 (2001).
79.
79.T. M. Brown, J. S. Kim, R. H. Friend, F. Cacialli, R. Daik, and W. J. Feast, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1679 (1999).
80.
80.R. Mitsumoto et al., J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 552 (1998).
81.
81.I. G. Hill and A. Kahn, J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4515 (1999).
82.
82.D. L. Morel, A. K. Gosh, T. Feng, E. L. Stogryn, P. E. Purwin, R. F. Shaw, and C. Fishman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 495 (1978).
83.
83.A. K. Gosh and T. Feng, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5982 (1978).
84.
84.S. Siebentritt, S. Gunster, and D. Meissner, Synth. Met. 41–43, 1173 (1991).
85.
85.S. R. Forrest, W. Y. Yoon, L. Y. Leu, and F. F. So, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 5908 (1989).
86.
86.M. Hiramoto, Y. Kishigami, and M. Yokoyama, Chem. Lett. 1, 119 (1990).
87.
87.D. Wohrle, L. Kreienhoop, G. Schnurpfeil, J. Elbe, B. Tennigkeit, S. Hiller, and D. Schlettwein, J. Mater. Chem. 5, 1819 (1995).
88.
88.G. Yu, C. Zhang, and A. J. Heeger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1540 (1993).
89.
89.L. Chen, D. Godovsky, O. Inganäs, J. C. Hummelen, R. A. J. Janssens, M. Svensson, and M. R. Andersson, Adv. Mater. 12, 1367 (2000).
90.
90.M. Gränstrom, K. Petritsch, A. C. Arias, A. Lux, M. Andersson, and R. H. Friend, Nature (London) 395, 257 (1998).
91.
91.B. A. Gregg, J. Sprague, and M. W. Peterson, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 5362 (1997).
92.
92.T. Stübinger and W. Brütting, J. Appl. Phys. 90, 3632 (2001).
93.
93.H. R. Kerp and E. E. van Faassen, Nord. Hydrol. 1, 1761 (1999).
94.
94.A. L. Burin and M. A. Ratner, J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 4704 (2000).
95.
95.V.-E. Choong, Y. Park, Y. Gao, M. G. Mason, and C. W. Tang, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 16, 1838 (1998).
96.
96.M. Theander, A. Yartsev, D. Zigmantas, V. Sundström, W. Mammo, M. R. Andersson, and O. Inganäs, Phys. Rev. B 61, 12957 (2000).
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jap/93/7/10.1063/1.1534621
Loading
/content/aip/journal/jap/93/7/10.1063/1.1534621
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/aip/journal/jap/93/7/10.1063/1.1534621
2003-03-21
2016-05-04
Loading

Full text loading...

true

Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd