banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
Thermal effect on the oxides on Nb(100) studied by synchrotron-radiation x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Rent this article for
View: Figures


Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Top view of the experimental setup. The angle between the x-ray beam and analyzing direction is fixed at 35. is the x-ray incidence angle and is the polar angle.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Upper panel: Nb spectra collected at at various conditions: (a) and photons, (b) (normal emission) and photons, and (c) and photons. Lower panel: GIXPS (filled circles) and ARXPS (open circles) results from the data measured at and using photons. Note that the ARXPS data are collected at the angles for . The solid lines are provided for eye guidance.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Nb spectrum measured using photons at and (circles). Simulation results obtained using the Doniach-Sunjic functions are shown as well. The full line indicates the fitting result and the dotted lines indicate various individual peaks as labeled by chemical formulas. The background is not shown for clarity.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Nb core-level (left) and valence-band (right) spectra collected using photons at (full lines) and (dotted lines) on a surface at , on the surface annealed for at , and on the surface further annealed at for .

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Schematic for evolution of the oxide composition upon annealing at 430 and , respectively. The figure is presented from the vacuum/oxide interface to the Nb(100) surface as indicated.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

ARXPS results obtained at various conditions as indicated. The results are displayed using the ratio of the metal peak to the oxide peak as a function of the polar angle. The dashed line is obtained for a flat surface covered with a uniform overlayer.


Article metrics loading...


Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Thermal effect on the oxides on Nb(100) studied by synchrotron-radiation x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy