Schematic of the cross-sectional view of the HYBAS investigated.
Schematic of the actuation responses of the HYBAS under the applied electric field: the actuator moves upward from the neutral position since the transverse strain in the active layer .
The displacement profiles on a HYBAS as a function of for ac driving voltage at: (a) (electric field of for single crystal and for EAP), (b) (electric field of for single crystal and for EAP), and (c) (electric field of for single crystal and for EAP), respectively. The dots are the measured results. The solid lines are the modeling results from the series equations in Sec. III based on the calculated clamp ratio .
Modeled displacement profiles at (electric field of for ESC and for EAP). The lines from bottom to top are for ESC, EAP, and HYBAS actuations, respectively.
Modeled maximum displacement of HYBAS, at a length of , as a function of effective strain.
Maximum displacement of HYBAS as a function of effective strain of EAP component.
Improvement ratio of a -long HYBAS as a function of effective strain of EAP component in EAP actuation domain for different effective strain ratios of ECS component over EAP component.
Maximum displacement of HYBAS as a function of length for each of the two components at the same effective strain.
Dimension parameters of the device and elastic modulus of the materials used.
Parameters used in modeling and the calculated results at different voltage.
Article metrics loading...
Full text loading...