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Volume 97, Issue 9, 01 May 2005
- APPLIED PHYSICS REVIEWS-FOCUSED REVIEW
97(2005); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1899760View Description Hide Description
In order to realize 250–350-nm-band high-efficiency deep ultraviolet (UV) emitting devices using group-III-nitride materials, it is necessary to obtain high-efficiency UV emission from wide-band-gap (In)AlGaN. The use of the In-segregation effect, which has already been used for InGaN blue emitting devices, is quite effective for achieving high-efficiency deep UV emission. We have demonstrated high-efficiency UV emission from quaternary InAlGaN-based quantum wells in the wavelength range between 290 and 375 nm at room temperature (RT) using the In-segregation effect. Emission fluctuations in the submicron region due to In segregation were clearly observed for quaternary InAlGaN epitaxial layers. An internal quantum efficiency as high as 15% was estimated for a quaternary InAlGaN-based single quantum well at RT. Such high-efficiency UV emission can even be obtained on high threading-dislocation density buffer layers. A comparison of electroluminescence is made between light-emitting diodes(LEDs) with InAlGaN, AlGaN, and GaN active regions fabricated on SiC substrates with emission wavelengths between 340 and 360 nm. The emission intensity from the quaternary InAlGaN UV-LED was more than one order of magnitude higher than that from the AlGaN or GaN UV-LEDs under RT cw operation. We therefore fabricated 310–350-nm-band deep UV-LEDs with quaternary InAlGaN active regions. We achieved submilliwatt output power under RT pulsed operation for 308–314-nm LEDs. We also demonstrated a high output power of 7.4 mW from a 352-nm quaternary InAlGaN-based LED fabricated on a GaN substrate under RT cw operation. The maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of the 352-nm InAlGaN-based LED was higher than that obtained for an AlGaN-based LED with the same geometry. From these results, the advantages of the use of quaternary InAlGaN in 350-nm-band UV emitters were revealed.