(Color online) Microphotographs showing the aligned NLC in the (a) ZnO:Al-based and (b) ITO-based TN-LCD cells in the on and off states.
(a) and (b) response time curves for the rubbing-aligned TN-LCD cells using ZnO:Al and ITO electrodes.
characteristics of the rubbing-aligned TN-LCD cells based on (a) ZnO:Al and (b) ITO electrodes.
characteristics of the (a) PI layer∕ZnO:Al electrode and (b) PI layer∕ITO electrode interfaces measured with the frequencies ranging from .
Electric and optical properties of ZnO:Al and ITO electrode films.
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