Diagram of charge configuration for an electron in the field of a fixed, positive, linear, electric quadrupole. Quadrupole moment is .
Critical quadrupole moments as a function of charge separation . Upper line: critical values for positive quadrupole; lower line: critical values for negative quadrupole. ( units).
Magnitude of critical charge required for binding as a function of bond length . The upper curve is for positive quadrupole geometry; lower curve for negative quadrupole.
Electron-quadrupole rotor system of charge separation , central point charge , and exterior point charges of each. Moment of inertia is .
Absolute value of critical moment for negative quadrupole rotor vs moment of inertia in units. . Four curves from bottom to top are for , 1, 2, and 3, respectively.
Critical moment for positive quadrupole rotor vs moment of inertia in units. . Three curves are for , 1, and 2 from bottom to top, respectively.
Critical moments for negative quadrupole rotors versus inertial moment and rotational states .
Critical moments for positive quadrupole rotors versus inertial moment and rotational states .
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