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Communication: Bubbles, crystals, and laser-induced nucleation
See supplementary material at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3582897
for supplemental figure, video 1, and video 2. Supplemental figure: Custom glass vessel used for all experiments. The vessel height is 46 cm and the diameter is 5 cm. Video 1: Shaking procedure for bubble-induced crystallization experiment. The solution is supersaturated with glycine but the solution contains no argon. This control experiment corresponds to the photographs in Fig. 3
, panels (c) and (d). Video 2: Shaking procedure for bubble-induced crystallization experiment. The solution is supersaturated with both glycine and argon. The glycine supersaturation is the same as in video 1. Shaking induces the formation of many argon bubbles. This experiment corresponds to the photographs in Fig. 3
, panels (a) and (b). [Supplementary Material]
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Short intense laser pulses of visible and infrared light can dramatically accelerate crystal nucleation from transparent solutions; previous studies invoke mechanisms that are only applicable for nucleation of ordered phases or high dielectric phases. However, we show that similar laser pulses induce CO2bubblenucleation in carbonated water. Additionally, in water that is cosupersaturated with argon and glycine, argon bubbles escaping from the water can induce crystal nucleation without a laser. Our findings suggest a possible link between laser-induced nucleation of bubbles and crystals.
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