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Communication: Delayed asymmetric Coulomb fission of molecular clusters: Application of a dielectric liquid-drop model
9. M. Hoener, C. Bostedt, S. Schorb, H. Thomas, L. Foucar, O. Jagutzki, H. Schmidt-Böcking, R. Dörner, and T. Möller, Phys. Rev. A 78, 021201 (2008).
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The computer program, DIELEC
, used in this work and written in Fortran 90 is available from PL. Exploratory test computations can also be made from the web portal www.fkem1.lu.se/sm
22. S. W. Benson, Thermochemical Kinetics (Wiley, New York, 1968).
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Delayed asymmetric Coulomb fission in size-selected molecular dication clusters has been recorded for the first time. Observations on (NH3) n 2+clusters show that fragmentation accompanied by charge separation can occur on a microsecond time scale, exhibits considerable asymmetry, and involves a kinetic energy release of ∼0.9 eV. The fission process has been modeled by representing the fragments as chargeddielectric spheres and the calculated maximum in the electrostatic interaction energy between the fragments gives a good account of the measured kinetic energy release. A simple kinetic model shows that instrumental factors may contribute to the observation of asymmetric fragmentation.
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