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Volume 135, Issue 3, 21 July 2011
Molecular dynamics simulations are performed to investigate the behavior of water molecules near goldmonolayer protected clusters (MPCs) with two different types of surfactant, HS(CH2)5(OCH2CH2)2COOH (type1) and HS(CH2)11COOH (type2). The effects of the different moieties of the two ligands on the local structure of the water molecules are quantified by means of the reduced density profiles of oxygen and hydrogen atoms, and the hydrogen bond statistics. The adsorption characteristics of water molecules are evaluated by means of their residence time near the MPCs. The results show that the hydrophilic oligo (ethylene glycol) segment increases the number of water molecules, which penetrate the protective layer of MPC. As a result, the inter-water hydrogen bond network in the protective layer of type1 MPC is stronger than that in the protective layer of the type2 MPC. It is shown that the presence of interfacial hydrogen bonds increases the adsorption of water molecules near the MPCs and therefore constrains the motion of MPCs. As a result, the residence time of the water molecules adjacent to the type1 MPC is longer than that of the molecules adjacent to the type2 MPC.
135(2011); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3615541View Description Hide Description
Surface states play essential roles in condensed matter physics, e.g., as model two-dimensional (2D) electron gases and as the basis for topological insulators. Here, we demonstrate quantum interference in the optical excitation of 2D surface states using the model system of C60/Au(111). These surface states are transiently populated and probed in a femtosecond time- and angle-resolved two-photon photoemission experiment. We observe quantum interference within the excited populations of these surface states as a function of parallel momentum vector. Such quantum interference in momentum space may allow one to control 2D transport properties by optical fields.