No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
Effects of electric field on the entropy, viscosity, relaxation time, and glass-formation
3. P. Debye, Polar Molecules (Chemical Catalogue, New York, 1929).
4. C. J. F. Böttcher, Theory of Dielectric Polarization, Vol. 1: Dielectrics in Static Fields, completely revised by O. C. van Belle, P. Bordewijk, and A. Rip (Elsevier, New York, 1973), Chap. 7.
5. S. Kielich, “General molecular theory and electric field effects in isotropic dielectrics,” in Dielectric and Related Molecular Processes, Senior Reporter, M. Davies (The Chemical Society, London, 1972), Vol. 1, p. 192.
6. M. Davies, Acta Phys. Pol. A 50, 241 (1976).
7. H. Fröhlich, Theory of Dielectrics, Dielectric Constant and Loss, 2nd ed. (Clarendon, Oxford, 1958), pp. 9–12. Note that this formalism appeared originally in the 1st ed. of Fröhlich's monograph of the same name published in 1949.
7.Thermodynamic effects of electric field have been described similarly by R. Becker, Electromagnetic Fields and Interactions, edited by F. Sauter (Blackie and Sons, London, 1964), Vol. 2
7.(translated by A. W. Knudsen) and by L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz, and L. P. Pitaevskii, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media, 2nd ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1984) (revised).
8. C. P. Smyth, Dielectric Behaviour and Structure (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1955).
9. N. E. Hill, W. E. Vaughan, A. H. Price, and M. Davies, Dielectric Properties and Molecular Behavior (Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1969).
10. B. K. P. Scaife, Principles of Dielectrics (Clarendon, Oxford, 1989).
12. P. Langevin, Ann. Chim. Phys. 5, 70 (1905).
13. A. Piekara and B. Piekara, Compt. Rend. 203, 852 (1936);
13.A. Piekara and B. Piekara, Compt. Rend. 203, 1058 (1936).
15. G. P. Jones, “Non-linear dielectric effects,” in Dielectric and Related Molecular Processes, Senior Reporter, M. Davies (The Chemical Society, London, 1975), Vol. 2, p. 198.
16.See also Nonlinear Dielectric Phenomena in Complex Liquids, edited by S. J. Rzoska and V. P. Zhelezny, in Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Nonlinear Dielectric Phenomena in Complex Liquids, Jaszowiec-Ustron, Poland, 10–14 May 2003, NATO Science Series, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 157 (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, 2004).
39.In Böttcher's description, the energy of a dipole in an electric field is given by, W = −μ Ed cos θ, where Ed was defined as the directing field (p. 161 of Ref. 4). Ed is greater than E. To convert Ed to E, we use Böttcher's conclusion (pp. 175–176 of Ref. 4) that the ratio Ed/Ec lies between 1.1 and 1.5 in liquids, with the cavity field, Ec = [3ɛs/(2ɛs + 1)]E. This gives Ec ≅ 1.5 E when ɛs ≫ 1. Thus, the ratio Ed/E is between 1.6 and 2.2.
42. T. J. Gallagher, Simple Dielectric Liquids (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1975).
44.These effects are (a) anisotropic polarizability of a molecule, (b) hyperpolarizability of a dipolar molecule, (c) increase in the density due to electrostriction, (d) increase in T due to electro-caloric effect, (e) the Joule heating as a result of transport of ionic charge, and (f) the dielectric heating by irreversible absorption of electrical energy, measured by the dielectric loss, ɛ″ that changes ɛs and τ0, which violate the Boltzmann superposition.
51. S. V. Nemilov, Thermodynamic and Kinetic Aspects of the Vitreous State (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1995), p. 30.
55. K. L. Ngai, Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems (Springer, 2011).
Article metrics loading...
Full text loading...
Most read this month