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/content/aip/journal/jcp/139/18/10.1063/1.4830094
2013-11-11
2016-12-06

Abstract

New, high-sensitivity and high-resolution spectroscopic and imaging methods may be developed by exploiting nuclear magneto-optic effects. A first-principles electronic structure formulation of nuclear electric quadrupole moment-induced Cotton-Mouton effect (NQCME) is presented for closed-shell atoms. In NQCME, aligned quadrupole moments alter the index of refraction of the medium along with and perpendicular to the direction of nuclear alignment. The roles of basis-set convergence, electron correlation, and relativistic effects are investigated for three quadrupolar noble gas isotopes: 21Ne, 83Kr, and 131Xe. The magnitude of the resulting ellipticities is predicted to be 10−4–10−6 rad/(M cm) for fully spin-polarized nuclei. These should be detectable in the Voigt setup. Particularly interesting is the case of 131Xe, in which a high degree of spin polarization can be achieved via spin-exchange optical hyperpolarization.

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