Volume 139, Issue 24, 28 December 2013
Index of content:
In general, bio-macromolecules are composed of hydrophilic and hydrophobic moieties and are confined within small cavities, such as cell membranes and intracellular organelles. Here, we studied the self-organization of macromolecules having groups with different affinities to solvents under spherical nano-scale confinement by means of computer modeling. It is shown that depending on the interaction parameters of monomer units composed of side- and main-chain monomer groups along a single linear macromolecule and on cavity size, such amphiphilic polymers undergo the conformational transitions between hollow nanospheres, rod-like and folded cylindrical structures, and a necklace conformation with and without a particular ordering of beads. The diagram of the conformations in the variables the incompatibility parameter of monomer units and the cavity radius is constructed.
Communication: Non-monotonic supersaturation dependence of the nucleus size of crystals with anisotropically interacting molecules139(2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4861044View Description Hide Description
We study the nucleation of model two-dimensional crystals formed from anisotropically interacting molecules using kinetic Monte Carlo simulations and the forward flux sampling algorithm. The growth probability P(n) of a cluster of n molecules is measured while the supersaturation s and interaction anisotropy of the molecules are varied, in order to gain insight into the nucleation mechanism. It is found that with increasing degree of interaction anisotropy the nucleus size (defined as the cluster size at which P(n) = 0.5) can increase with increasing s, with sharp jumps at certain s values. Analysis of the cluster shape reveals that nucleation in the system studied is of a non-standard form, in that it embodies elements of both the classical nucleation theory and the density functional theory frameworks.