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Communication: Relative diffusion in two dimensions: Breakdown of the standard diffusive model for simple liquids
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Using molecular dynamics simulations for a liquid of identical soft spheres we analyze the relative diffusion constant D Σn (r) and the self diffusion constant D n where r is the interparticle distance and n = 2, 3 denotes the dimensionality. We demonstrate that for the periodic boundary conditions, D n is a function of the system size and the relation: D Σn (r = L/2) ≅ 2D n (L), where L is the length of the cubic box edge, holds both for n = 2 and 3. For n = 2 both D Σ2(r) and D 2 (L) increase logarithmically with its argument. However, it was found that the diffusive process for large two dimensional systems is very sensitive to perturbations. The sensitivity increases with L and even a very low perturbation limits the increase of D 2 (L → ∞). Nevertheless, due to the functional form of D Σ2(r) the standard assumption for the Smoluchowski type models of reaction kinetics at three dimensions:D Σn (r) ≈ 2D n leads to giant errors if applied for n = 2.
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