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Volume 140, Issue 7, 21 February 2014
Weak van der Waals adsorption of π-conjugated hydrocarbon molecules onto the gold surface, Au(111), is one of the essential processes in constructing organic-metal interfaces in organic electronics. Here we provide a first direct observation of adsorption geometry of a single π-conjugated hydrocarbon molecule on Au(111) using an atomically resolved scanning tunneling microscopy study combined with van der Waals density functional methodology. For the purpose, we utilized a highly symmetric π-conjugated hydrocarbon molecule, dehydrobenzoannulene (DBA), which has a definite three-fold symmetry, the same as the Au(111) surface. Interestingly, our observations on an atomically resolved scale clearly indicate that the DBA molecule has only one adsorption configuration on Au(111) in spite of the weak van der Waals adsorption system. Based on the precisely determined adsorption geometry of DBA/Au(111), our calculation results imply that even a very small contribution of the interfacial orbital interaction at the organic-metal interface can play a decisive role in constraining the adsorption geometry even in the van der Waals adsorption system of a π-conjugated hydrocarbon molecule on the noblest Au(111) surface. Our observations provide not only deeper insight into the weak adsorption process, but also new perspectives to organic electronics using π-conjugated hydrocarbon molecules on the Au surface.
Communication: The dark singlet state as a doorway state in the ultrafast and efficient intersystem crossing dynamics in 2-thiothymine and 2-thiouracil140(2014); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4866447View Description Hide Description
Femtosecond broadband transient absorption experiments are reported for 2-thiothymine and 2-thiouracil in aqueous buffer solution and in acetonitrile. It is shown that the S1(nπ*) state acts as a doorway state in the ultrafast and efficient population of the T1(ππ*) state upon 316 nm excitation. A sequential kinetic model is presented to explain the excited-state dynamics in 2-thiothymine and 2-thiouracil upon UVA excitation: S2(ππ*) → S1(nπ*) → T1(ππ*). The experimental results are also used to scrutinize the excited-state relaxation pathways recently predicted for 2-thiouracil at the CASPT2//CASSCF level of theory [G. Cui and W. Fang, J. Chem. Phys.138, 044315 (2013)]. The efficient population of the T1(ππ*) state for both 2-thiothymine and 2-thiouracil in a few hundreds of femtoseconds lends further support to the emerging idea that thiobase derivatives exhibit photo-toxic properties that can be effectively harnessed in photo-chemotherapeutic applications.