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/content/aip/journal/jcp/141/18/10.1063/1.4898379
2014-10-27
2016-12-06

Abstract

Using differential scanning calorimetry, we show that the addition of solute(s) to emulsified water lowers the freezing temperature to <231 K, the homogeneous nucleation temperature of pure bulk water, or even completely suppresses freezing. In the latter case, freezing upon warming occurs above ≈ 150 K and leads to a phase separation into pure ice and a freeze-concentrated solution (FCS) which crystallizes upon further warming. We also show that emulsified 20–21.5 wt. % HCl solutions and the FCS of HCl/HO solutions transform to glass at ≈ 127–128 K, i.e., lower than ≈ 136 K of water. We suggest that water nanodrops adsorbed on fumed silica resemble bulk water more than water confined in nanoscaled confinement and also more than nanoscaled water domains in aqueous solution.

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