No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
Structures of the 2-nitrophenol alkali complexes in solution and the solid state
1.G. Booth, Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry (Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 2007).
3.A. White, P. Handler, and E. L. Smith, Principles of Biochemistry, 5th ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1973), p. 367.
12.L. Pauling, The Nature of the Chemical Bond (Cornell University Press, Ithaca, N.Y., USA, 1973), p. 264.
14.The Merck Index, 13th ed. (Merck & Co, Inc., Whitehouse Station, New Jersey, 2001), pp. 6653–6654.
15.C. F. Baes, Jr. and R. E. Mesmer, The Hydrolysis of Cations (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1976).
16.F. G. R. Gimblett, Inorganic Polymer Chemistry (Butterworth, London, 1963).
See supplementary material at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4927140
for S1: General chemistry, chemical composition; S2: Small- and wide-angle X-Ray scattering; S3: SEM images; S4: Crystallographic data for the 2-NP-Me+
molecular materials; S5: Crystallographic data and refinement ofo
-nitrophenol (2-nitrophenol); S6: References.[Supplementary Material]
20.E. J. Conway and E. O’Malley, Biochem. J. 36, 655 (1942).
22.Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, U.S. Public Health Service, Toxicological Profile for Nitrophenols: 2-Nitrophenol, 4-Nitrophenol, July 1992.
23.Sigma-Aldrich Catalogue, N 9256, Materials Safety Data Sheet Version 5.0 from November 16, pp. 1–7; equivalent EG # 1907.
25.A. Guinier, Ann. Phys. 12, 161 (1939).
28.J.-P. Hansen and L. R. McDonald, Theory of Simple Liquids (Academic Press, New York, 2007).
33.(a) G. M. Sheldrick and SHELX S86, in Crystallographic Computing 3, To Solve Structure, SHELX S87, to Refine Structure, SHELXL 97, edited by G. M. Sheldrick, C. Kruger, and R. Goddard (Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K., 1985), pp. 175–189;
33.(b) P. Müller, R. Herbst-Irmer, A. L. Spek, T. R. Schneider, and M. R. Sawaya, Crystal Structure Refinement; A Crystallographer’s Guide to SHELXL (Oxford University Press, Oxford U.K, 2006).
35.P. T. Beurskens, Technical Report Crystallography Laboratory, Toernooiveld, 6525 Ed Nijmegen, Netherlands (1984/1).
36.D. T. Cromer and J. T. Waber, in International Tables for X-Ray Crystallography (The Kynoch Press, Birmingham, England, 1974), Vol. IV , Tables 2.2A and 2.3.1.
39.O. Glatter, in Small Angel X-Ray Scattering, edited by O. Glatter and O. Kratky (Academic Press, New York, 1982), Chap. 4, pp. 114-165.
48.T. Hahn, U. Shmueli, A. A. J. C. Wilson, and E. Prince, International Tables for Crystallography (D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 2005).
52.A. Guinier and G. Fournet, Small Angle Scattering of X-Rays (John Wiley, New York, 1955).
55.(a) A. C. Larson and R. B. von Dreele, “GSAS system,” Los Alamos (NM), Report LAUR 86–748, 2000;
58.BIOVIA Materials Studio, version 8.0, BIOVIA, San Diego, CA, USA, 2014.
59.F. A. Cotton, Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, Concepts in Stereochemistry and Bonding, 5th ed. (Wiley Interscience, New York, 1988), pp. 3–34.
Article metrics loading...
The materials studied in this investigation were aqueous solutions (0.02-25.0 mM) of the salts of alkali metal ion (Me+) and 2-nitrophenol (2-NP). In the investigation, small-angle X-ray scattering, wide-angle X-ray scattering, and membrane-pressure osmometry were used to study the 2-NP-Me+ molecular salt structures and the onset of crystallization as a function of concentration and temperature. The experimental methods used to examine the 2-NP-Me+ molecular salt complexes provided corroborative evidence for the existence of spherical clusters with hydrodynamic diameters between ∼12 Å (Li) and 14 Å (Cs). Guinier plots of the zero-angle scattering peak were characteristic of the scattering from lamellae-like shapes with thicknesses of ∼290 Å. Tetramer and pentamer 2-NP-Me+ molecular clusters for Me+ = Li, Na, K, and Rb were assembled from four or five 2-NP molecules bound to a central alkali metal ion. The coordination symmetry around the six coordinated Li+, Na
+, and K+ ions was that of a trigonal prism (D3h), with an octahedral arrangement (D2h). The Rb+ also revealed six-coordinate geometry and the central Rb+ ion adopted an octahedral arrangement (D2h). The eight-coordinated Cs+ ions with six 2-NP ligands were characteristic of a square antiprism (D4d). The square antiprism was the outcome of leaving two o-nitro groups and two phenolic oxygens being left intermolecularly uncoordinated to the Cs+ ion. The 2-NP residues were strictly planar and contained short non-bonded intramolecular distances. van der Waals forces were present between the adjacently stacked phenyl rings. No water molecules were involved as ligands for any of the 2-nitrophenol-Me+ complexes.
Full text loading...
Most read this month