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Purification, growth, structure, optical and electrical properties of single crystals of the π‐molecular complex of phenothiazine with pyromellitic dianhydride
1.D. Haarer and N. Karl, Chem. Phys. Lett. 21, 49 (1973).
2.N. Karl and J. Ziegler, Chem. Phys. Lett. 32, 438 (1975).
3.C. J. Eckhardt and J. Merski, Surf. Sci. 37, 937 (1973).
4.D. Haarer, Chem. Phys. Lett. 27, 91 (1974);
4.D. Haarer, Chem. Phys. Lett. 31, 192 (1975); , Chem. Phys. Lett.
4.D. Haarer, M. R. Philpott, and H. Morawitz, J. Chem. Phys. 63, 5238 (1975).
5.D. Haarer, J. Chem. Phys. 67, 4076 (1977).
6.J. Ziegler and N. Karl, Chem. Phys. 40, 207 (1979).
7.B. E. Robertson and J. J. Stezowski, Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 34, 3005 (1978).
8.J. D. Bell, J. F. Blount, O. V. Briscoe, and H. C. Freeman, Chem. Commun. 1968, 1656.
9.J. J. H. McDowell, Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 32, 5 (1976).
10.Determined by mass spectrometry, N. Karl (unpublished).
11.N. Karl, 1st Europ. Conf. on Crystal Growth, Zürich (1976), abstract book p. 80;
11.5th Internat. Conf. on Cryst. Growth, Boston (1977), abstract book p. 207;
11.see also N. Karl, Habilitationsschrift (University of Stuttgart, Germany, 1975).
12.J. M. Stewart, P. A. Machin, C. S. Dickinson, H. L. Ammon, H. Heck, and H. Flack, The X‐ray System, Version 1976 (University of Maryland, Computer Science Center, College Park, MD., Technical Report TR‐446, 1976), Unless otherwise indicated this computer program library was used for all calculations.
13.W. R. Busing, K. O. Martin, and H. A. Levy, ORFLS, Report ORNL‐TM‐305 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee (1962).
13.The scattering factors other than for the hydrogen atoms were from D. T. Cromer and J. B. Mann, Acta Crystallogr. Sec. A 24, 321 (1968).
13.Those for hydrogen atoms were from R. F. Stewart, E. R. Davidson, and W. T. Simpson, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3175 (1965).
14.J. P. Malrieu and B. Pullman, Theor. Chim. Acta 2, 293 (1964).
15.“See AIP document no. for 33 pages of observed and calculated structure factors. Order by PAPS number and journal reference from American Institute of Physics, Physics Auxiliary Publication Service, 335 East 45th Street, New York, N.Y. 10017. The price is $1.50 for each microfiche (98 pages), or $5 for photocopies of up to 30 pages with $0.15 for each additional page over 30 pages. Airmail additional. Make checks payable to the American Institute of Physics.”[Supplementary Material]
16.C. K. Johnson, ORTEP‐II, Report ORNL‐5138, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee (1971).
17.C. J. Fritchie, Jr., J. Chem. Soc. A 1969, 1328.
18.H. Kobayashi, Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 30, 1010 (1973).
19.V. Schomaker and K. N. Trueblood, Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 24, 63 (1968).
20.B. W. Van de Waal and D. Feil, Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 33, 314 (1977).
21.The indicatrix of absorbing crystals is complex. However for the small oscillator strength of the CT transition, it is a good approximation to neglect the small ellipticity of the wave propagation modes and to restrict the argumentation to the real part.
22.E. C. M. Chen and W. E. Wentworth, J. Chem. Phys. 63, 3183 (1975).
23.R. Wache, Diplomarbeit (University of Stuttgart 1973).
24.H. Baessler and H. Killesreiter, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 24, 21 (1973).
25.A. Jurgis and E. A. Silinsh, Phys. Status Solidi B 53, 735 (1972);
25.E. A. Silinsh, Electronic States of Organic Molecular Crystals (Zinantne, Riga, 1977) (in Russian).
26.Experimental data on charge carrier mobilities in organic molecular crystals are collected, e.g., in
26.(a) N. Karl, “Organic Semiconductors,” in Advances in Solid State Physics (Pergamon, New York, 1974), p. 261;
26.(b) L. B. Schein, Phys. Rev. B 15, 1024 (1977);
26.(c) W. Warta, Diplomarbeit (University of Stuttgart, Germany, 1978).
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