Index of content:
Volume 38, Issue 2, June 2009
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3099311View Description Hide Description
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3110164View Description Hide Description
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3088050View Description Hide Description
The International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS) encouraged an extensive research effort to update the IAPS Formulation 1985 for the Viscosity of Ordinary Water Substance, leading to the adoption of a Release on the IAPWS Formulation 2008 for the Viscosity of Ordinary Water Substance. This manuscript describes the development and evaluation of the 2008 formulation, which provides a correlating equation for the viscosity of water for fluid states up to and with uncertainties from less than 1% to 7% depending on the state point.
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3112608View Description Hide Description
An innovative method for the regression of a fundamental equation of state of a pure fluid was recently proposed. This technique, called an extended equation of state, adopts a framework similar to the extended corresponding states method but uses a cubic equation for the target fluid instead of the equation of state for the reference fluid, and shape functions are expressed through a multilayer feedforward neural network. The use of a neural network assures very high flexibility of the functional forms to be regressed, allowing the resulting model to represent the thermodynamic properties of a pure fluid with an accuracy comparable to that attained by state-of-the-art multiparameter equations of state. The technique is applied here to 2-propanol to derive a dedicated equation of state in a heuristic mode directly from the available experimental data. The majority of the data cover the range of temperatures from and pressures up to ; this is also the validity range of the developed equation. For the present case, primarily due to the unfavorable situation of the data, all of the available thermodynamic properties have been used for the regression procedure in order to get the expected accuracy. The model has been validated with data for coexistence states, density, isobaric and isochoric heat capacities, and speed of sound. The obtained results are satisfactory because the proposed equation of state represents the available data within their mean experimental uncertainties.
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3032939View Description Hide Description
Atomic transition probabilities for about 6400 allowed and forbidden lines of are tabulated based on a critical evaluation of recent literature sources. The transition probabilities were obtained mainly from recent sophisticated calculations carried out with complex computer codes. These tables provide data of interest for astronomical as well as laboratory plasmas. They will also be useful for the diagnostics of plasmas encountered in fusion energy research.
IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series. 87. Rare Earth Metal Chlorides in Water and Aqueous Systems. Part 2. Light Lanthanides (Ce–Eu)38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3112775View Description Hide Description
This is the second part of the volume devoted to solubility data of rare earth metal chlorides in water, ternary, and quaternary aqueous systems. This part covers chlorides of Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, and Eu as the main solutes. Compilations of all available experimental data are introduced for each rare earth metal chloride with a corresponding critical evaluation. Every such evaluation contains a tabulated collection of all solubility results in water, a scheme of the water-rich part of the equilibrium phase diagram,solubility equation(s), a selection of suggested solubility data, and a brief discussion of the multicomponent systems. Because the ternary and quaternary systems were almost never studied more than once, no critical evaluations or systematic comparisons of such data were possible. Only simple chlorides (no complexes) are treated as the input substances in this work. The literature (including a thorough coverage of papers in Chinese and Russian) has been covered through the middle of 2007.