Volume 38, Issue 3, September 2009
Index of content:
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3077727View Description Hide Description
We have carried out a comprehensive tabulation of the atomic transition probabilities for allowed and forbidden lines of hydrogen, helium and lithium, including , as well as the hydrogen isotopes deuterium and tritium. Altogether, we tabulated about 3600 transitions and listed scaling relations for the hydrogenlike ions and . The selected data are based on a critical evaluation of available literature sources and are all taken from recent advanced calculations. The tables are normally arranged in multiplets, and these are ordered in increasing excitation energies. For hydrogen, deuterium, and tritium, the energy levels are degenerate, i.e., all energy levels of the same principal quantum number essentially coincide. Thus, the principal tables for these species are for the average transition probabilities of lines between different principal quantum numbers.
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3160306View Description Hide Description
If the potential for a boom in the global hydrogen economy is realized, there will be an increase in the need for accurate hydrogen thermodynamic property standards. Based on current and anticipated needs, new fundamental equations of state for parahydrogen, normal hydrogen, and orthohydrogen were developed to replace the existing property models. To accurately predict thermophysical properties near the critical region and in liquid states, the quantum law of corresponding states was applied to improve the normal hydrogen and orthohydrogen formulations in the absence of available experimental data. All three equations of state have the same maximum pressure of and upper temperature limit of . Uncertainty estimates in this paper can be considered to be estimates of a combined expanded uncertainty with a coverage factor of 2 for primary data sets. The uncertainty in density is 0.04% in the region between 250 and and at pressures up to . The uncertainties of vapor pressures and saturated liquid densities vary from 0.1% to 0.2%. Heat capacities are generally estimated to be accurate to within 1%, while speed-of-sound values are accurate to within 0.5% below .