Index of content:
Volume 38, Issue 4, December 2009
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3258041View Description Hide Description
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3132702View Description Hide Description
Energy level values, with designations and uncertainties, have been compiled for the spectra of the neutral atom and all positive ions of cesium . Transition wavelengths with classifications, intensities, and transition probabilities are also tabulated. In addition, ground states, ionization energies, and hyperfine structure constants are listed. For most ionization stages experimental data are available; however, for those for which only theoretical calculations or fitted values exist, these are reported. There are a few ionization stages for which only a calculated ionization potential is available.
IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series. 87. Rare Earth Metal Chlorides in Water and Aqueous Systems. Part 3. Heavy Lanthanides (Gd–Lu)38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3212962View Description Hide Description
This is the third and last part of the volume devoted to solubility data of rare earth metal chlorides in water and in ternary and quaternary aqueous systems. Compilations of all available experimental data for each rare earth metal chloride are introduced with a corresponding critical evaluation. Every such evaluation contains a tabulated collection of all solubility results in water, a scheme of the water-rich part of the equilibrium phase diagram,solubility equation(s), a selection of suggested solubility data, and a brief discussion of the multicomponent systems. Because the ternary and quaternary systems were almost never studied more than once, no critical evaluations or systematic comparisons of such data were possible. Simple chlorides (no complexes) of Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, and Lu are treated as the input substances. The literature (including a thorough coverage of papers in Chinese and Russian) has been covered through the middle of 2008.
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3243762View Description Hide Description
Two new sets of optical data, i.e., values for the real and imaginary parts of the complex dielectric constant as well as the energy loss function (ELF) , are presented for 16 elemental metals (Ti, V, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Mo, Pd, Ag, Ta, W, Pt, Au, Pb, and Bi) and 1 semimetal (Te) and are compared to available data in the literature. One data set is obtained from density functional theory(DFT) calculations and gives from the infrared to the soft x-ray range of wavelengths. The other set of optical constants, derived from experimental reflection electron energy-loss spectroscopy (REELS) spectra, provides reliable optical data from the near-ultraviolet to the soft x-ray regime. The two data sets exhibit very good mutual consistency and also, overall, compare well with optical data found in the literature, most of which were determined several decades ago. However, exceptions to this rule are also found in some instances, some of them systematic, where the DFT and REELS mutually agree significantly better than with literature data. The accuracy of the experimental data is estimated to be better than 10% for the ELF and as well as for for energies above . For energies below , the uncertainty in in the experimental data may exceed 100%, which is a consequence of the fact that energy-loss measurements mainly sample the absorptive part of the dielectric constant. Electron inelastic-scattering data, i.e., the differential inverse inelastic mean free path (IMFP) as well the differential and total surface excitation probabilities are derived from the experimental data. Furthermore, the total electron IMFP is calculated from the determined optical constants by employing linear response theory for energies between 200 and . In the latter case, the consistency between the DFT and the REELS data is excellent (better than 5% for all considered elements over the entire energy range considered) and a very good agreement with earlier results is also obtained, except for a few cases for which the earlier optical data deviate significantly from those obtained here.
38(2009); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3243853View Description Hide Description
The mutual solubilities and related liquid-liquid equilibria of 19 binary systems of to esters with water are exhaustively and critically reviewed. Reports of experimental determination of solubility that appeared in the primary literature prior to the end of 2007 are compiled. For ten systems, sufficient data are available to allow critical evaluation. All data are expressed as mass fraction and mole fraction as well as the originally reported units. In addition to the standard evaluation criteria used throughout the Solubility Data Series, a method based on the evaluation of all experimental data for a given series of esters was used.