Number of points required and literacy rate of Block Kaliachak of Malda of West Bengal, India.
Graph of comparison for electrical load pattern of Block Kaliachak of Malda of West Bengal, India.
Assembled and tested units of most intelligent controller (Source: WBREDA). Adapted from Ref. 28.
System study for modernization of distributed systems at Sagar Islands—load demand survey for commercial consumers. Sources: West Bengal Renewable Development Agency (www.wbreda.org) and West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (www.wbsedcl.in).28,30 T: tube light; B: bulb.
Projected population with growth rate and energy demand of Malda. Adapted from Refs. 24 and 25.
Estimation of latitude, longitude, and elevation for each block, gram panchayet under each village of the Malda district in West Bengal, India. Adapted from Refs. 24–27.
Socio-economic parameters of Malda. Adapted from Refs. 24 and 25.
Electrical load pattern of block Kaliachak of Malda of West Bengal, India.
Collected data at the site of roof-top solar system at WBREDA.
Summary of demand levels suitable for PV-diesel hybrid.
Advantages of beyond state-of-the-art for the hybrid renewable energy system integration into the national grid.
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