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A review on frequency tuning methods for piezoelectric energy harvesting systems
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10.1063/1.4766892
/content/aip/journal/jrse/4/6/10.1063/1.4766892
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jrse/4/6/10.1063/1.4766892

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Schematic diagram of a vibration energy harvester. Reprinted with permission from D. Guyomar and M. Lallart, Micromachines 2(2), 274–294 (2011). Copyright 2011 MDPI.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Dynamic model of vibration-based harvester. Reprinted with permission from C. B. Williams and R. B. Yates, Sens. Actuators, A 52(1–3), 8–11 (1996). Copyright 1996 Elsevier.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Cantilever structure with a tip mass. Reprinted with permission from D. Zhu et al., Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(2), 022001 (2010). Copyright 2010 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Output voltage for mistuned and tuned PZT. Reprinted with permission from P. J. Cornwell et al., J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 16(10), 825–834 (2005). Copyright 2005 SAGE Publications.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

A PEH with integrated micro electrochemical capacitor. Reprinted with permission from L. M. Miller et al., in IEEE ECCE, 20-24 September 2009, pp. 2627–2634. Copyright 2009 IEEE.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Piezoelectric cantilever with a movable mass. Reprinted with permission from X. Wu et al., in Proceedings of PowerMEMS, Sendai, Japan, 2008. Copyright 2008 PowerMEMS.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Resonant frequency vs position of movable mass. Reprinted with permission from X. Wu et al., in Proceedings of PowerMEMS, Sendai, Japan, 2008. Copyright 2008 PowerMEMS.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

Model of a conventional mass spring damper system (a) and of the mass spring damper system with lever mechanism to adjust its resonant frequency (b). Reprinted with permission from J. Schaufuss et al., Sens. Actuators, A 171(2), 352–360 (2011). Copyright 2011 Elsevier.

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

Prototype of piezoelectric energy harvester with auxiliary mass at end (a) and start (b) position. Reprinted with permission from J. Schaufuss et al., Sens. Actuators, A 171(2), 352–360 (2011). Copyright 2011 Elsevier.

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

Schematic diagram of a piezoelectric bimorph with axial preload. Reprinted with permission from E. S. Leland and P. K. Wright, Smart Mater. Struct. 15, 8 (2006). Copyright 2006 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 11.
FIG. 11.

Experimental apparatus. Reprinted with permission from E. S. Leland and P. K. Wright, Smart Mater. Struct. 15, 8 (2006). Copyright 2006 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 12.
FIG. 12.

A method to apply axial preload to a piezoelectric bimorph. Reprinted with permission from Y. Hu et al., Smart Mater. Struct. 16, 6 (2007). Copyright 2007 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 13.
FIG. 13.

Generator with arms (upper (a) and bottom sides (b)) and (c) schematic of the entire setup. Reprinted with permission from C. Eichhorn et al., J. Micromech. Microeng. 19(9), 094006 (2009). Copyright 2009 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 14.
FIG. 14.

Pre-tensioning two membranes by a rigid link. Reprinted with permission from D. J. Morris et al., Smart Mater. Struct. 17, 065021 (2008). Copyright 2008 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 15.
FIG. 15.

Harvester configuration with adjustable mechanism. Reprinted with permission from J. Loverich et al., Proc. SPIE 6928, 692805 (2008). Copyright 2008 SPIE.

Image of FIG. 16.
FIG. 16.

Cantilever with magnetic force tuning. Reprinted with permission from V. R. Challa et al., Smart Mater. Struct. 17(1), 015035 (2008). Copyright 2008 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 17.
FIG. 17.

Applied magnetic force versus frequency. Reprinted with permission from V. R. Challa et al., Smart Mater. Struct. 17(1), 015035 (2008). Copyright 2008 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 18.
FIG. 18.

Damping versus resonance frequency. Reprinted with permission from V. R. Challa et al., Smart Mater. Struct. 17(1), 015035 (2008). Copyright 2008 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 19.
FIG. 19.

Cantilever with magnetic force tuning. Reprinted with permission from V. R. Challa et al., Proc. SPIE 6932, 69323Q (2008). Copyright 2008 SPIE.

Image of FIG. 20.
FIG. 20.

Piezoelectric beam with attractive magnet force for tuning. Reprinted with permission from T. Reissman et al., Proc. SPIE 7288, 72880G (2008). Copyright 2008 SPIE.

Image of FIG. 21.
FIG. 21.

Piezoelectric bender with tuning mechanism. Reprinted with permission from S. Roundy and Y. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 5649, 373 (2005). Copyright 2005 SPIE.

Image of FIG. 22.
FIG. 22.

Simulated power output. Reprinted with permission from S. Roundy and Y. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 6932, 69323Q (2005). Copyright 2005 SPIE.

Image of FIG. 23.
FIG. 23.

(a) Schematic of the resonator. (b) Cross section without applied voltage and (c) with applied voltage. Reprinted with permission from C. Peters et al., in Proceedings of PowerMEMS 2008+ microEMS2008, Sendai, Japan, 2008. Copyright 2008 PowerMEMS.

Image of FIG. 24.
FIG. 24.

Cantilever with piezoelectric actuators. Reprinted with permission from C. Eichhorn et al., in Proceedings of PowerMEMS, Washington DC, USA, 2009. Copyright 2009 PowerMEMS.

Image of FIG. 25.
FIG. 25.

Frequency shift of first harvester. Reprinted with permission from C. Eichhorn et al., in Proceedings of PowerMEMS, Washington DC, USA, 2009. Copyright 2009 PowerMEMS.

Image of FIG. 26.
FIG. 26.

Resonant frequency of the second harvester. Reprinted with permission from C. Eichhorn et al., in Proceedings of PowerMEMS, Washington DC, USA, 2009. Copyright 2009 PowerMEMS.

Image of FIG. 27.
FIG. 27.

Piezoelectric and capacitive shunt. Reprinted with permission from M. G. Muriuki, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pittsburgh, PA, 2004. Copyright 2004 University of Pittsburgh.

Image of FIG. 28.
FIG. 28.

Experiment setup of the tunable energy harvesting system. Reprinted with permission from W. J. Wu et al., Proc. SPIE 6169, 61690A (2006). Copyright 2006 SPIE.

Image of FIG. 29.
FIG. 29.

Frequency tuning with two layers. Reprinted with permission from D. Charnegie, M.Sc. thesis, University of Pittsburgh, 2007. Copyright 2007 University of Pittsburgh.

Image of FIG. 30.
FIG. 30.

The connection patterns between segmented bimorph, (a) series I; (b) series II; (c) parallel I; (d) parallel II. Reprinted with permission from H. Hu et al., in Proceedings of Joint Conference of the SPAWDA 2009 and 2009 China Symposium on Frequency Control Technology, 17-20 December 2009, p. 48. Copyright 2009 IEEE.

Image of FIG. 31.
FIG. 31.

Power density versus frequency for different connection patterns. Reprinted with permission from H. Hu et al., in Proceedings of Joint Conference of the SPAWDA 2009 and 2009 China Symposium on Frequency Control Technology, 17-20 December 2009, p. 48. Copyright 2009 IEEE.

Image of FIG. 32.
FIG. 32.

Schematic of self tunable system. Reprinted with permission from M. Lallart et al., J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 21(9), 897–906 (2010). Copyright 2010 SAGE Publications.

Image of FIG. 33.
FIG. 33.

Theoretical and experimental results. Reprinted with permission from M. Lallart et al., J. Intell. Mater. Syst. Struct. 21(9), 897–906 (2010). Copyright 2010 SAGE Publications.

Image of FIG. 34.
FIG. 34.

Schematic of the self tunable system. Reprinted with permission from V. R. Challa et al., Smart Mater. Struct. 20, 025004 (2011). Copyright 2011 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 35.
FIG. 35.

Resonant frequency vs distance between magnets. Reprinted with permission from V. R. Challa et al., Smart Mater. Struct. 20, 025004 (2011). Copyright 2011 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 36.
FIG. 36.

Scheme of control unit. Reprinted with permission from C. Eichhorn et al., J. Micromech. Microeng. 21(10), 104003 (2011). Copyright 2011 IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 37.
FIG. 37.

Energy harvester with cantilever couples. Reprinted with permission from S. E. Jo et al., in 16th International Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems Conference (TRANSDUCERS), 5-9 June 2011, pp. 691–694. Copyright 2011 IEEE.

Image of FIG. 38.
FIG. 38.

Output power with self-tuning. Reprinted with permission from S. E. Jo et al., in 16th International Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems Conference (TRANSDUCERS), 5-9 June 2011, pp. 691–694. Copyright 2011 IEEE.

Tables

Generic image for table
Table I.

Publications of piezoelectric energy harvesting.

Generic image for table
Table II.

Summary of the manual tuning methods.

Generic image for table
Table III.

Manual frequency tuning methods comparison.

Generic image for table
Table IV.

Summary of the available self tunable systems.

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2012-11-13
2014-04-20
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: A review on frequency tuning methods for piezoelectric energy harvesting systems
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jrse/4/6/10.1063/1.4766892
10.1063/1.4766892
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