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Wear, durability, and lubricating oil performance of a straight vegetable oil (Karanja) blend fueled direct injection compression ignition engine
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10.1063/1.4771694
/content/aip/journal/jrse/4/6/10.1063/1.4771694
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jrse/4/6/10.1063/1.4771694

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Carbon deposits on piston top, injector and cylinder head after the endurance test.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Carbon deposits on the piston top after the endurance test.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Density of the lubricating oils during the endurance test.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Viscosity of the lubricating oils at 40 °C during the endurance test.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Viscosity of the lubricating oils at 100  °C during the endurance test.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Flash point of the lubricating oils during the endurance test.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Ash content of the lubricating oils during the endurance test.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

Carbon residue of the lubricating oils during the endurance test.

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

Concentration of various trace metals in the lubricating oils during the endurance test.

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

(a) Benzene insoluble, (b) pentane insoluble, (c) cross-linked insoluble of the lubricating oils during the endurance test.

Tables

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Table I.

Test cycle for long-term endurance test.

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Table II.

Summary of rating at various areas on the piston surface.

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Table III.

Comparison of wear of K10 fueled engine with mineral diesel fueled engine after the endurance test.

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Table IV.

Comparison of liner roughness profiles of K10 fueled engine with mineral diesel fueled engine.

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/content/aip/journal/jrse/4/6/10.1063/1.4771694
2012-12-11
2014-04-20
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Wear, durability, and lubricating oil performance of a straight vegetable oil (Karanja) blend fueled direct injection compression ignition engine
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jrse/4/6/10.1063/1.4771694
10.1063/1.4771694
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