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Performance of molten salt solar power towers in Chile
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10.1063/1.4826883
/content/aip/journal/jrse/5/5/10.1063/1.4826883
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jrse/5/5/10.1063/1.4826883

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Installed Capacity of SIC, December 2011 (12 365.1 MW) [ CNE, 2011a ].

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Installed Capacity of SING, December 2011 (3963.8 MW) [ CNE, 2011a ].

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

State of NCRE projects by the end of 2011.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Solar Energy Maps, Left: Ground Measurements [ CNE/PNUD/UTFSM, 2008 ] (Circles are ground stations), Right: Satellite Estimation [ NASA, 2012 ]. Daily solar radiation as annual average (kWh/m2day).

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Plant configuration. Red Line: Molten Salt Circuits, Blue Line: Water/Steam Circuit. Reprinted with permission from Torresol, available on http://www.torresolenergy.com/TORRESOL/gemasolar-plant/en. Copyright 2012 Elsevier; Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. , 466–481 (2013). Copyright 2013 Elsevier.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Average monthly clearness factor, K, for the location of Calama.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Evolution of the average monthly direct (beam) irradiation in Calama.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

Hourly evolution at the 15th of the respective months.

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

Performance simulation method [ Zhang , 2013 ].

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

Monthly backup requirements in the Calama SPT, in hybrid operating mode.

Tables

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Table I.

Solar irradiation in CSP plants and project locations [ Zhang , 2013 Larrain , 2010 ].

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Table II.

Comparison between leading CSP technologies.

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Table III.

Comparison for 50 MW CSP plants with TES.

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Table IV.

Gemasolar technical parameters [ Torresol, 2012 ].

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Table V.

Selected locations.

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Table VI.

Weather conditions in the selected locations [ Dirección Meteorológica de Chile, 2010 ].

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Table VII.

Sequence of calculation [ Zhang , 2013 ].

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Table VIII.

Projected overall CSP efficiency.

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Table IX.

Values of SPT-component efficiencies.

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Table X.

Annual electricity generation, solar resource alone configuration (16% overall efficiency).

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Table XI.

Annual average backup requirements for each location, as % of 135 GWh

Generic image for table
Table XII.

Values of economic parameters used in calculating LEC.

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/content/aip/journal/jrse/5/5/10.1063/1.4826883
2013-10-22
2014-04-24
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Performance of molten salt solar power towers in Chile
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/jrse/5/5/10.1063/1.4826883
10.1063/1.4826883
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