Installed Capacity of SIC, December 2011 (12 365.1 MW) [ CNE, 2011a ].
Installed Capacity of SING, December 2011 (3963.8 MW) [ CNE, 2011a ].
State of NCRE projects by the end of 2011.
Plant configuration. Red Line: Molten Salt Circuits, Blue Line: Water/Steam Circuit. Reprinted with permission from Torresol, available on http://www.torresolenergy.com/TORRESOL/gemasolar-plant/en. Copyright 2012 Elsevier; Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. 22, 466–481 (2013). Copyright 2013 Elsevier.
Average monthly clearness factor, KT,av, for the location of Calama.
Evolution of the average monthly direct (beam) irradiation in Calama.
Hourly evolution at the 15th of the respective months.
Performance simulation method [ Zhang et al., 2013 ].
Monthly backup requirements in the Calama SPT, in hybrid operating mode.
Comparison between leading CSP technologies.
Comparison for 50 MWel CSP plants with TES.
Gemasolar technical parameters [ Torresol, 2012 ].
Weather conditions in the selected locations [ Dirección Meteorológica de Chile, 2010 ].
Sequence of calculation [ Zhang et al., 2013 ].
Projected overall CSP efficiency.
Values of SPT-component efficiencies.
Annual electricity generation, solar resource alone configuration (16% overall efficiency).
Annual average backup requirements for each location, as % of 135 GWhel.
Values of economic parameters used in calculating LEC.
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