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Stoichiometry effect on Cu2
thin films morphological and optical properties
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Thin films of Cu 2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) were prepared by sulfurization of multilayered precursors of ZnS, Cu, and Sn, changing the relative amounts to obtain CZTS layers with different compositions. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Energy Dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy, and SEM were used for structural, compositional, and morphological analyses, respectively. XRD quantitative phase analysis provides the amount of spurious phases and information on Sn-site occupancy. The optical properties were investigated by spectrophotometric measurements and Photothermal Deflection Spectroscopy. These films show a clear dependence of the optical and microstructural properties on the tin content. As the tin content increases we found: (i) an increase in both crystalline domain and grain size, (ii) an abrupt increase of the energy gap of about 150 meV, from 1.48 to 1.63 eV, and (iii) a decrease of sub-gap absorption up to two orders of magnitude. The results are interpreted assuming the formation of additional defects as the tin content is reduced.
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