Volume 34, Issue 2, February 2008
Index of content:
- SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, INCLUDING HIGH-TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTIVITY
34(2008); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2834256View Description Hide Description
The results of numerical calculations, in different approximations, of the screened Coulomb and retarded electron-plasmon interactions in quasi-two-dimensional layered crystals and two-dimensional (2D) systems with a quasi-acoustic or square-root plasmon spectrum are subjected to a detailed comparative analysis. It is shown that even in the simplest, random-phase approximation the effective attraction due to the exchange of virtual plasmons can bring about a transition to a superconducting state with a relatively high critical temperature. The extended saddle-point singularities typical of the 2D band spectrum of layered crystals of cuprate metaloxide compounds and also the many-particle Coulomb correlations described by Coulomb vertices (three-poles) make for a substantial increase in the maximum values of , which agree with the experimental data for high- superconductors. It is shown that the plasmon mechanism leads to Cooper pairing in both the -wave and -wave Cooper channels, but the superconductivity in the -wave channel is suppressed by exchange-correlation effects. Calculations also indicate the possibility of obtaining rather high-superconductivity in 2D systems (of the graphene type).