Index of content:
Volume 14, Issue 7, July 2002
14(2002); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1483838View Description Hide Description
The linear stability of a two-fluid shear flow with an insoluble surfactant on the flat interface is investigated in the Stokes approximation. Gravity is neglected in order to isolate the Marangoni effect of the surfactant. In contrast to all earlier studies of related fluid systems, we encounter (i) the destabilization (here, of a shear flow) caused solely by the introduction of an interfacialsurfactant and (ii) the destabilization (here, of a system with a surfactant) caused solely by the imposition of a Stokes flow. Asymptotic long-wave expressions for the growth rates are obtained.
14(2002); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1485767View Description Hide Description
This Letter reports experiments on the shape and path of air bubbles (diameter range 0.1–0.2 cm) rising in clean water. We find that bubbles in this diameter range have two steady shapes, a sphere and an ellipsoid, depending on the size of the capillary tube from which they detach. The spherical bubbles move significantly slower than the ellipsoidal ones of equivalent volume. Bubbles with diameter less than about 0.15 cm rise rectilinearly. The larger spherical bubbles follow zigzag paths while the larger ellipsoidal bubbles follow spiral paths.
14(2002); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1486450View Description Hide Description
The second wake transition occurs in the far wake of a bluff body. This transition destroys the Bénard–von Kármán vortex street originating in the near wake and produces a secondary vortex street with a lower characteristic frequency. We characterize the onset of the second wake for Reynolds numbers in a nearly two-dimensional soap film flow. The dimensionless distance between the cylinder and the onset of the second wake decreases with Reynolds number consistently with power law. Our two-dimensional far-wake numerical simulations are in good agreement with the experiment.