Definition of roughness sublayer.
Comparisons of Eq. (12) with Eq. (10) for different turbulence intensities. The solid lines are computed using Eq. (12) and the dash-dot lines are computed using Eq. (10).
Plan view of particle configurations.
Variations of with two parameters, and .
Probability of bed particle mobility plotted in plane. The Shields critical condition for initial sediment motion is denoted by black dots.
Simplification of Eq. (19) for low bed shear stresses.
Estimated rms values of roughness sublayer thickness.
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