The computational domain.
The formation process of vortex ring/trailing jet and the corresponding cross-sectional circulation .
The total and starting vortex circulation.
The total and starting vortex circulation for pure jets with different formation times.
Comparison of the vorticity fields for different formation times at the center plane.
Comparison of the cross-sectional circulations of starting pure jets at .
The total and head vortex ring circulations under different buoyancy fluxes.
The buoyant formation number as a function of Richardson number for two Reynolds numbers.
The formation number as a function of the Richardson number.
Dimensionless energy for different buoyancy fluxes versus the formation time .
Article metrics loading...
Full text loading...