Zinc vapor issues into a cool argon stream and particles nucleate. The instantaneous nucleation rate is represented by spheres. The number of spheres is weighted by log J and the size of the spheres is proportional to the critical diameter.
Cross-stream profiles of the non-dimensional (a) zinc mass fraction, , and (b) gas temperature, T ⋆, in the zinc-argon flow.
Cross-stream profiles of the saturation ratio, S: (a) zinc; (b) lithium; and (c) magnesium.
(a) Saturation ratio, S vs temperature, T ⋆. (b) Saturation ratio, S, vs mass fraction, Y ⋆.
(a) Cross-stream profiles of the zinc nanoparticle nucleation rate, J s (). (b) Validation of the laminar flow simulations via prediction of S vs. T with physical data, and CNT for zinc. Each physical data point represents an experiment at a particular saturation ratio required to obtain J = 1016.
Temperature vs zinc mass fraction as a function of nucleation rate: (a) size-dependent surface tension; (b) classical nucleation theory.
Temperature vs mass fraction as a function of nucleation rate: (a) lithium; (b) magnesium.
Thermal, chemical, and transport properties.
Nucleation constants and parameters.
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