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Freezing singularities in water drops
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10.1063/1.4747185
/content/aip/journal/pof2/24/9/10.1063/1.4747185
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pof2/24/9/10.1063/1.4747185

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Four snapshots of the freezing process of a drop of water on a cold plate (T = −20 °C). The freezing front travels from bottom to top in about 18 s. The time between the snapshots is 4.6 s (a) and (b), 11.42 s (b) and (c), and 1.28 s (c) and (d). The droplet radius at the base is approximately 2 mm. During the final stage of the freezing process, the ice drop develops a singular shape with a pointy tip (enhanced online). [URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4747185.1]10.1063/1.4747185.1

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Three snapshots of the “frozen tree” formation after the water drop has completely solidified. The singularity acts as a preferential site for deposition of water vapor from the surrounding air, and ice crystals grow at the tip of the ice drop. The width of each snapshot is approximately 1.5 mm. The times between frames (a) and (b) is 12 s, and between (b) and (c) is 27 s.

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/content/aip/journal/pof2/24/9/10.1063/1.4747185
2012-09-17
2014-04-21
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Freezing singularities in water drops
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pof2/24/9/10.1063/1.4747185
10.1063/1.4747185
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