Schematic of the superposition of elementary flows: (a) φ1: a source of mass in the volume; (b) φ2: injection flow into the pipe; (c) φ3: a source of mass in an impermeable pipe.
Flow over a body of revolution in a pipe.
Dependence of the Froude number on the main parameter.
Evolution of the bubble profile depending on the main parameter: 1 – λ → 0; 2 – λ = 0.58; 3 – λ → ∞.
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