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Remnants from fast liquid withdrawal
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We study the breakup of an axisymmetric low viscosity liquid volume (ethanol and water), held by surface tension on supporting rods, when subject to a vigorous axial stretching. One of the rods is promptly set into a fast axial motion, either with constant acceleration, or constant velocity, and we aim at describing the remnant mass m adhering to it. A thin ligament is withdrawn from the initial liquid volume, which eventually breaks up at time t b . We find that the breakup time and entrained mass are related by , where σ is the liquid surface tension. For a constant acceleration γ, and although the overall process is driven by surface tension, t b is found to be independent of σ, while m is inversely proportional to γ. We measure and derive the corresponding scaling laws in the case of constant velocity too.
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