### Abstract

Methods of differential geometry and Bernoulli’sequation, written as *B*=0, are used to develop a new approach for constructing an exact solution for axial flow in a classical, two‐dimensional, ZND detonation wave in a polytropic explosive with an arbitrary rate of decomposition. This geometric approach is fundamentally different from the traditional approaches to this axial flow problem formulated by Wood and Kirkwood (WK) and Fickett and Davis (FD), and gives equations for the axial particle velocity (*u*), the sound speed (*c*), the pressure (*p*), and the density (ρ), that are expressed in terms of the detonation velocity (*D*), the extent of decomposition (λ), the polytropic index (*K*), and two nonideal parameters ε_{3} and ε_{1}, and reduce to the equations for steady‐state, one‐dimensional detonation as ε_{3} and ε_{1} approach zero. In contrast to the FD approach, the equations for *u* and *c* are obtained from first integrals of a tangent vector *A*̃ on (*u*,*c*,λ) space, and the invariant condition, *A*̃*B*=*aB*=0, bypasses the FD eigenvalue problem by defining ε_{3} in terms of the detonation velocity deficit *D*/*D* _{∞} and *K*. In contrast to the WK approach, the equations for *p* and ρ are obtained from equations expressing the conservation of axial momentum and energy. Because the equations for these flow variables are derived without using the conservation of mass, the axial radial particle velocity gradient (*w* ^{ a } _{ r }) associated with the flow can be obtained from the continuity equation without making approximations.

The relationship between ε_{1} and ε_{3} that closes the solution is obtained from equations expressing constraints imposed on the axial flow at the shock front by the axial and radial momentum equations, the curved shock and the decomposition rate law, and a particular solution is constructed from the ε_{1}–ε_{3} relationship determined by a prescribed rate law and value of *K*. Properties of particular solutions are presented to provide a better understanding of two‐dimensional detonation, and a new axial condition for detonation failure is used to show that detonation failure can occur before the curve relating *D*/*D* _{∞} to the axial radius of curvature of the shock (*S* _{ a }) becomes infinite.

Commenting has been disabled for this content