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Cosmic dust-ion-acoustic waves, spherical modified Kadomtsev-Petviashvili model, and symbolic computation
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10.1063/1.2363352
/content/aip/journal/pop/13/11/10.1063/1.2363352
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pop/13/11/10.1063/1.2363352
View: Figures

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Expanding nebulon in a cosmic-dusty-plasma environment (such as the supernova shells and Saturn’s F-ring): Observable extremal surface for the electrostatic potential via solution (29) with the parameters chosen as , , , and . These three cartoon graphs are pictured against the space coordinates , , and , with the values of time used being , 2, and 3, respectively.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Expanding bright nebulon: Observable surface (left and middle graphs for and 3 with ) and its time evolution (right graph for ), via solution (29), with the same cosmic-dusty-plasma environment and the same values of parameters as those in Fig. 1, plus . The maximum crests or peaks hereby correspond to Fig. 1 cross-sectioned at .

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Expanding dark nebulon: Everything is the same as Fig. 2 except that . The lowest values hereby correspond to Fig. 1 cross-sectioned at as well.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Another expanding nebulon in a similar cosmic-dusty-plasma environment: extremal surface via solution (29) with the parameters chosen as , , , and . Three cartoon photos are taken at , 20, and 30, respectively.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Ring nebula (M57), about one light-year across and 2000 light-years away in the northern constellation Lyra. Picture reprinted with permission of Ref. 13.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Saturn as seen by the Cassini spacecraft. Picture reprinted with permission of Ref. 24.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Crab nebula (M1, NGC 1952), the most conspicuous supernova remnant first noted by the Northern-Song-Dynasty Chinese astronomers on July 4, 1054, lying about 6300 light-years away in the constellation Taurus, now measuring roughly 10 light-years across and expanding at an average speed of . Picture reprinted with permission of Ref. 24.

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/content/aip/journal/pop/13/11/10.1063/1.2363352
2006-11-09
2014-04-16
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Cosmic dust-ion-acoustic waves, spherical modified Kadomtsev-Petviashvili model, and symbolic computation
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pop/13/11/10.1063/1.2363352
10.1063/1.2363352
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