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Broad -band multi-keV x-ray emission from plasmas created by short laser pulses
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10.1063/1.3148333
/content/aip/journal/pop/16/6/10.1063/1.3148333
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pop/16/6/10.1063/1.3148333

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Left axis: Al spectrum obtained with a short laser pulse (45 fs). Right axis: with a long pulse (2.7 ps). The laser energy is 5 mJ. X-ray lines and are and , respectively. Lower energy lines (, , , , and ) are transitions in lower ionization states.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Al (left axis) and Er (right axis) spectra obtained with the high resolution spectrometer. Laser parameters are 5 mJ energy and 2.7 ps duration.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Al and Er spectra obtained with the broadband spectrometer for 45 fs (left axis) and 2.7 ps (right axis) and for 5 mJ laser energy.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

High- elements spectra (Yb, Er, Dy, Gd, and Sm). The energy axis is normalized to the respective EBE (see Table I). Laser parameters are 5 mJ energy and 2.7 ps duration.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

Er spectra for a pulse duration and for various laser energies: (a) , (b) , (c) , (d) , (e) , (f) , and (g) .

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Er spectra for a laser energy and for various laser pulse durations: (a) , (b) , (c) , (d) , (e) , and (f) .

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Sm spectra for a laser energy and for various laser pulse durations: (a) , (b) , (c) , (d) , and (e) .

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

NLTE calculation of Er spectrum obtained with and .

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

NLTE calculations for Er element, and for various electronic temperatures: (a) , (b) , (c) , (d) , (e) , and (f) .

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

AVERROES calculation for Sm element ( and ) compared with experimental spectra ( and ). Narrow transition arrays are identified as As-like and Ge-like (1), Ga-like (2), Ge-, Ga-like and Zn-like (3), Ge-like (4), Ga- and Ge-like (5), Ga- and Zn-like (6), Ga-like (7), Ga-like and Zn-like (8), Cu- and Zn-like (9), Cu- and Ni-like (10), Ni-like (11), and Ge-like (12).

Image of FIG. 11.
FIG. 11.

AVERROES calculation for Sm element ( and ) compared with experimental spectra ( and ). Narrow transition arrays are identified as Ni-like (1), Zn-like (2), Cu-like (3), Ni-like (4), Zn- and Ni-like (5), Cu- and Zn-like (6), Ni-like (7), Cu- and Ni-like (8), and Ni-like (9).

Tables

Generic image for table
Table I.

EBE for each studied element.

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/content/aip/journal/pop/16/6/10.1063/1.3148333
2009-06-09
2014-04-25
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Broad M-band multi-keV x-ray emission from plasmas created by short laser pulses
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pop/16/6/10.1063/1.3148333
10.1063/1.3148333
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