Parallel (a) and perpendicular (b) MWB distributions as a function of and for and .
Gyroaverage corrective coefficient plotted against . The parameter is the thermal magnetic moment.
Instability threshold plotted against and with bag number , , magnetic moments number , and . Curve 1 (continuous line) is the instability threshold with averaged FLR effects [Eq. (47)] with . Curve 2 (dotted line) is the instability threshold with full FLR effects [Eq. (16)] and with and .
Bi-Maxwellian distribution function. The transition region where particles at temperature become majority is noted.
Maximum linear growth rate plotted against for and with , , , and , where is the magnetic moment for the average thermal velocity at temperature . The curve corresponds to the averaged FLR case and the curve to the full FLR case.
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