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Review of field-reversed configurations
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10.1063/1.3613680
/content/aip/journal/pop/18/7/10.1063/1.3613680
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pop/18/7/10.1063/1.3613680

Figures

Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Early conceptual FRC. Reprinted with permission from J. K. Wright and N. J. Phillips, J. Nucl. Energy, Part C 1, 240 (1960). Copyright 1960, IOP Publishing.

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

(Color online) Anatomy of an FRC.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

(Color online) Profiles of density, magnetic field, and current density (j θ/r) of a 2PE equilibrium (solid lines) and a rigid rotor (dashed lines) for a typical R s /R c  = 0.4, S * = 15, L n /(c pi ) = 2 (Fig. 1 of Ref. 84, adapted).

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

Rotational flow in an MHD simulation (Fig. 3(b) of Ref. 42); V θ is normalized by V A 0 and the separatrix radius is R s ≈ 35 (cm). Reprinted with permission from E. V. Belova, S. C. Jardin, H. Ji, M. Yamada, and R. Kulsrud, Phys. Plasmas 7, 4996 (2000). Copyright 2000, American Institute of Physics.

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

(Color online) Global instabilities of FRCs.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

(Color online) Magnetic field lines and velocity vectors for a tilting FRC (Re Figs. 1,3 of Ref. 134 at γ MHD t = 8). Reprinted with permission from R. D. Milroy, D. C. Barnes, R. C. Bishop, and R. B. Webster, Phys. Fluids B 1, 1225 (1989). Copyright 1989, American Institute of Physics.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

(Color online) Size parameter vs separatrix elongation for elongated FRC’s.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

FLR stabilization effect on tilt mode, Re Fig. 1 of Ref. 112. Reprinted with permission from V. Belova, R. C. Davidson, H. Ji, and M. Yamada, Phys. Plasmas 13, 056115 (2006). Copyright 2006, American Institute of Physics.

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

(Color online) Nonlinear tilting saturation: (a) excerpt from Fig. 5; (b) excerpt from Fig. 6 of Ref. 45, where τ A R c /V A 0. Reprinted with permission from E. V. Belova, R. C. Davidson, H. Ji, and M. Yamada, Phys. Plasmas 11, 2523 (2004). Copyright 2004, American Institute of Physics.

Image of FIG. 10.
FIG. 10.

(Color online) Number of kinetic tilting growth times FRC particle lifetime

Image of FIG. 11.
FIG. 11.

(Color online) Quality of confinement vs MHD stability index.

Image of FIG. 12.
FIG. 12.

Profile consistency in elongated FRCs.Reprinted with permission from L. C. Steinhauer and A. Ishida, Phys. Fluids B 4, 645 (1992). Copyright 1992, American Institute of Physics.

Image of FIG. 13.
FIG. 13.

(Color online) Global tearing stability: comparison of theory “X s,st ” with experiment R s /R c . Reprinted with permission from L. Steinhauer and D. C. Barnes, Phys. Plasmas 16, 092505 (2009). Copyright 2009, American Institute of Physics.

Image of FIG. 14.
FIG. 14.

(Color online) Comparison with LSX scaling for the C-2 experiments, Re Fig. 7 from Ref. 16. Reprinted with permission from M. W. Binderbauer, H. Y. Guo, M. Tuszewski et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 045003 (2010). Copyright 2010, The American Physical Society.

Image of FIG. 15.
FIG. 15.

(Color online) Edge particle transport rate for elongated FRCs as inferred by the 2PE interpreter. Here “LSM” represents the FRX-C/LSM experiments and “transl” translation-trapping experiments.

Image of FIG. 16.
FIG. 16.

(Color online) SOL end-loss time compared to sonic time.

Image of FIG. 17.
FIG. 17.

(Color online) Comparison of edge particle transport rate to drift scaling.

Image of FIG. 18.
FIG. 18.

(Color online) Sequence in θ-pinch formation of an FRC, showing the history of the PI current, external magnetic field B e , and excluded flux Δφ.

Image of FIG. 19.
FIG. 19.

Coil and plasma arrangement in the Coaxial Slow Source. Reprinted with permission from Z. A. Pietrzyk, G. C. Vlases, R. D. Brooks, K. D. Hahn, and R. Raman, Nucl. Fusion 27, 1478 (1987). Copyright 1987, International Atomic Energy Agency.

Image of FIG. 20.
FIG. 20.

Translation trapping system in the FIX experiment. Reprinted with permission from H. Himura, S. Okada, S. Sugimoto, and S. Goto, Phys. Plasmas 2, 191 (1995). Copyright 1995, American Institute of Physics.

Image of FIG. 21.
FIG. 21.

(Color online) Schematic of the C-2 facility. Reprinted with permission from M. W. Binderbauer, H. Y. Guo, M. Tuszewski et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 045003 (2010). Copyright 2010, The American Physical Society.

Image of FIG. 22.
FIG. 22.

Merging-spheromaks by the z-θ discharge method. Reprinted with permission from M. Yamada, Y. Ono, A. Hayakawa, and M. Katsurai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 721 (1990). Copyright 1990, The American Physical Society.

Image of FIG. 23.
FIG. 23.

Merging-spheromaks using coaxial guns. The three vertical lines mark magnetic probe locations in SSX. Reprinted with permission from C. D. Cothran, A. Falk, A. Fefferman, M. Landreman, M. R. Brown, and M. J. Schaffer, Phys. Plasmas 10, 1748 (2003). Copyright 2003, American Institute of Physics.

Image of FIG. 24.
FIG. 24.

(Color online) Proposed inductive-spheromak start-up with translation. Reprinted with permission from S. P. Gerhardt, E. V. Belova, M. Yamada, H. Ji, M. Inomoto, C. M. Jacobson, R. Maqueda, B. McGeehan, and Y. Ren, Phys. Plasmas 15, 022503 (2008). Copyright 2008, American Institute of Physics.

Image of FIG. 25.
FIG. 25.

RMF antenna system. Reprinted with permission from J. T. Slough and K. E. Miller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1444 (2000). Copyright 2000, The American Physical Society.

Tables

Generic image for table
Table I.

Current FRC experiments.

Generic image for table
Table II.

Typical parameters in FRC experiments.

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/content/aip/journal/pop/18/7/10.1063/1.3613680
2011-07-26
2014-04-16
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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Review of field-reversed configurations
http://aip.metastore.ingenta.com/content/aip/journal/pop/18/7/10.1063/1.3613680
10.1063/1.3613680
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