S curve analogy of automata rules. Dashed bold line means the hard limit and dashed lines are critical slope for the unstable range.
Figure explaining ELM trajectory of types I, II, and III in the pressure gradient and current density j. Inner area of black thick line is stable region from peeling-ballooning instabilities. Dashed lines and arrows indicate possible trajectory of indicated ELM type.
AGI pulse timing diagram.
(Color) Space time pattern of the pile (a) without injection and (b) with injection: white cells are stable, black cells are unstable, and green cells are hard limit unstable. Large size ELMs without injection become smaller, more frequent ELMs.
Formation of two different toppling cascade types, (a) void and (b) clump type. Arrow shows the propagation direction of toppling cascade.
(Color online) Avalanche size distribution of with (dashed line) and without (solid line) SMBI.
(Color) Mitigated ELMs as shown in the space time pattern of (a) small ELMs and (b) fragments of a big ELM.
(Color online) Averaged profile slope without (solid) and with (dashed) injection.
(Color) (a) Avalanche size distribution for various injection locations and (b) space time pattern for pedestal top injection.
(Color) Avalanche size distribution and averaged slope of two different injection strength: (a), (b) 21 grains and (c), (d) 11 grains. Colors indicate the spatial extent of injection with center at i = 80.
(Color) Averaged (a) frequency and (b) amplitude of ELMs for various injection location and number of injection grains. Number of injected grains normalized by averaged pedestal density is shown by the vertical axis. Injection location is represented by the horizontal axis. The amplitude and frequency indicated by color contour are normalized by those values without AGI.
Edge flux (a) without and (b) with additional grain injection.
(Color) Time evolution of slopes (a) during pulsed injection and (b) after the cessation of pulsed injection. Different colors indicate different time steps.
Influence time trend with varying baseline deposition rate. Influence time is normalized by ELM period for the case.
(Color) Averaged influence time for varying injection location and strength of shaped AGI.
(Color) Averaged (a) amplitude and (b) frequency for repetitive injection case plotted versus injection location.
Edge flux for repetitive pulse injection. The black thick lines indicate times for AGI pulse injection.
Analogy between transport model and cellular automata model.
Comparison between experimental and model results.
Article metrics loading...
Full text loading...